by Dr. Janis Ruksans & Liga Popova


Now Tulipa ostrowskiana, Tulipa hissarica, red form of Tulipa kolpakowskiana and Tulipa micheliana.

Sunday, 28 April 2013 14:53

Yesterday we had Open Door day in our nursery. Had around hundred visitors from Latvia and abroad. Guided tours started every hour from 9-00 in morning and last one started at 17-00.

There were marvellous blooming of Tulips and Juno irises, but a lot of other flowers bloomed, too. Here view of greenhouse and few tulips. At first two forms of Tulipa albertii. Then Tulipa behmiana. Both are quite dfifficult in cultivartion.

Sunday, 28 April 2013 14:49

Some more Erythroniums. Very popular is Erythronium White Beauty, usually attached to E. revolutum, but really it is form of E. californicum. There are two clones distributed - one early (pictured here), another later (not bloom yet). Next is E. citrinum, follows E. howelii and last is E. revolutum. Both I got from Art Guppy (USA).


Friday, 26 April 2013 05:32

A lot of Erythroniums are blooming in greenhouse, but outside only noses are shown on beds. Very interesting is E. oregonum 'Covichan Star' selected by Art Guppy - its flowers looks up. On next picture E. oregonum leucandrum. One of most beautiful is E. hendersonii. Erythronium umbilicatum has yellow flowers.

Friday, 26 April 2013 05:08

Some more frits - very unusual Chinese Fritillaria davidii this spring blooms marvelously, never before had so many flowers in one pot - up to eight. Fritillaria eduardii from Tadjikistan can be red, yellow, but this one raised by Augis is named 'Amberland'. Fritillaria ruthenica was originally collected in Penza district, Russia, but F. poluninii - from Iran.



Friday, 26 April 2013 05:03

I was very busy last days, so now several entries to compensate that. In this you can see various forms of Fritillaria ariana/karelinii/gibbosa complex gathered in Turkmenistan, Kazahstan, Tadjikistan and Iran.

Friday, 26 April 2013 04:59

Outside is still quite cool and development in open garden is very slow. Just blooms some reticulata irises, here Alan M'cMurtrie's cv. Sea Green - really even greener than on picture. Reticulata's better grow and bloom outside than in greenhouse, but in greenhouse cultivation is much safer against rodents and weather fluctuations. I lost many crocus stocks on open beds this winter - eaten by mice.

In greenhouse marvellously blooms Trillium kurabayashii (purple) and Trillium californicum - white with variable leaves - some mottled and some plain green. Another white bloomer - Iris magnifica 'Virginity' - stock raised up from single plant discovered near Agalik in Uzbekistan during my second trip to Central Asia in late seventies last century.


Friday, 26 April 2013 04:55

For few days I was extremely busy and couldn't update my news information. We had nice visitors from AGS Dublin Group for three days. Weather was marvellous so we could pass all day in nursery and next day visiting some hystorical monuments. Spring finally started here in full speed and it took only 3 days and now all snow disappear. Many nice bulbs are blooming both in garden and even more in greenhouse. But there are some losses, too. Many crocuses are eaten by mice and some stocks even completely. Fortunately something still left in greenhouses. Today I'm publishing only picture of Dublin group. In center are staying my wife Guna and I - both dressed in national dressing reconstructed by arheological researhes from graves of prechristian time here - around 10th century (Christian religie was brought with sword and flame to Latvian tribes only in XIII century and we still are celebrating pagan festivals and Gods, so we are not good christians). Tomorrow we are going to Publishing House with new book of Guna - Garden Magic - it will be in Latvian. So next entry most likely will follow anly after 2 days (may be earlier?)

Tuesday, 23 April 2013 06:04

Three days ago finally opened tops of beds and yesterday was warm and sunny enough to check my bees. They passed winter well, only one family lost its strength, but queen is OK and started to lay egs. On beds earliest crocuses started blooming although still some snow left. But in greenhouse latest - Crocus minimus started blooming.


Thursday, 18 April 2013 06:29

One of last crocuses blooming here is Crocus cvijicii. Planted side by side with C. veluchensis they sometimes hybridise, but plants on second picture comes from intentional cross. On third picture are hybrids from reversal cross where veluchensis was seed parent. On the last - Crocus pestalozzae blue form.


Sunday, 14 April 2013 11:18

Just now started culmination of Anemone blooming in greenhouses. Our native nemorosa and ranunculoides only comes out of pots, but species from Southern dfistricts are in full bloom. Anemone blanda form from N Caucasus, Enem vil. in Krasnodar district Russia. It is single locality of blanda in those territories which during Soviet time remained under Russian occupation (some still really are, as decolonisation of mid-XX-century didn't touched Russian Empire). It could be different as it has very different tubers - they are not rounded (club-like ?) as in Turkish blanda, but looks like small branches - elongated and sometimes branching.
Anemone caucasica is small version of blanda distributed in Caucasus. It hybridises with blanda and if you want keep clean stock, multiplying from seeds - you must keep both isolated during flowering.
Anemone blanda is very variable in colour. Unfortunately some very beautiful selections didn't alive in this horrible winter.
And as last one is Anemone biflora from Markezi in Iran - another one which brings bright red shade in dwarf Anemone collection, although more often are grown yellow forms of it.

Saturday, 13 April 2013 06:22

All still are white but warm air comes in and outside is fog - from contact with cold snow. On Monday is even +15 forecasted, Hope it will realise. May be next weekend snow will be gone. Now I'm showing some frits from greenhouse

Fritillaria raddeana - grown in greenhouse. Tired to worry about night frosts in open garden, although in greenhouse it don't feel very happy - it is too hot. But hope that losses will be not so great than after frost killing of leaves at start of development in open garden.
Fritillaria strausii and volunteer in pollination. Bees still are not flying, but they are replaced by some flies. Earlier I had beehives inside greenhouse, but losses (between bees) which in evenings are flying in dirrection of sun and not back in "house" were too great.
Two F. alburyana - from Kop Gec - very light pink, more traditionally looking
- and purple one LST-234 which by my opinion must be regarded as dfifferent. It perfectly replace itself from seeds and seems that not hybridises with traditional light pink form.

Saturday, 13 April 2013 05:57

Some Erythroniums pictured today - American E. grandiflorum, then very early bloomin E. dens-canis form from Eastern Carpathians. I collected it near vil. Lipcha during one of my very first trips to mountains. Following is white blooming E. caucasicum collected by me in Georgia. Erythronium, sibiricum is extremely variable - here form from E Kazahstan, collected just near China border.

Friday, 12 April 2013 14:56

We passed the first night this year without frost. It is quite dark but short moment with sun shined and we both - I and my stepdaughter Liga made some pictures of crocuses
Excellently is blooming white form of Crocus veluchensis.
From late blooming species one of most spectacular is Crocus pelistericus and its hybrid with C. scardicus - C. gothoburgensis
As last in this entry is spring blooming form of usually autumnal Crocus laevigatus from Cyclades in Greece

Friday, 12 April 2013 14:44

Long waited changes came - seem that last one was first frost-free night. We still have a lot of snow, but it is melting and coming days must be even warmer, so I hope that next weekend, when group from Ireland will come to visit nursery, roads will be passable for bus.

But blooming in greenhouses continue and in this entry I want show you few Corydalis - two unusual things and two selected seedlings.

Curiosities are Corydalis repens - it has wonderfull spotted leaves and comes from Far East, originally was collected by Baltic Siberian Expedition just in last moment before Russia introduced visa regime (we then still used Russian pasports, hiding our Latvian pasports during travel in previous USSR, because we spoke fluent Russian). Another I got from my friends - Corydalis brunneovaginata. It comes from N Sichuan in China and has strange large bulb formed by very fleshy scales and petiolar bases,I got it only last autumn and was afraid, that may will not pass this winter. But all was OK, so now I wait its blooming.

The last two are solida type seedlings. Really I stopped selecting of new ones but when previopus spring I walked on meadow where some 5-6 years ago was bulb field I spotted one very unusual specien with salmon orange flopwers. So I carefully took it out and potted together with turf. Now it blooms in pot and I gave to it name ORANGE GLOW. Another came up from selfsown seedling in wrong pot, but looks quite interesting, too.


Thursday, 11 April 2013 08:15

It was heavy snowing up to midnight but then sky cleared and frost hardened. In morning outside was minus 7 but minimum termomether showed that temperature in greenhouses dropped only to minus 2 C. Now is full sun and snow are quickly melting. From my houses dark roof water runs down as waterfull spring. Here I'm showing two Gymnospermium - pictured this morning: G. altaicum and G. albertii. Both are good growers and when my garden was situated on coarse sand based soil, they perfectly grew in garden and even multiplied by selfsowing. Now my garden is based on heavy clay, so I'm growing them now in greenhouse.

Scilla libanotica is very pretty. I got it from Bob and Ranweig Wallis run nursery named "Buried Treasures" - just as my book, but books name was chosen by publishers and it has nothing common but some bulbs with this nursery.

As last picture in this entry is Fritillartia assyriaca. It is blooming quite long time and this season was the first frit blooming with me. Original plant was collected by me in Iran (WHIR-190).


Saturday, 06 April 2013 07:26

Yesterday we had sun and nicely opened crocuses, so it was possible to make some pollination. On pictures you can see pollinations of Crocus caricus (form got from Rik (Hendrik) in middle is seedlings of Crocus heuffelianus cv. 'Carpathian Wonder' and on third picture - pollination of Crocus minutus.


Friday, 05 April 2013 13:22

And now tthree pictures of Caucasian Iris reticulata. The first is very light blue found for me by my friend Zhirair, another purest white for from Armenia (again found for me by Zhirair) and on third picture you can compare the really white from Armenia (on left) with new one cultivar White Caucasus, which really is sligjhtly bluish shaded (on right side)

Friday, 05 April 2013 07:45

Today our weather guru Tom Bricis forecasted horrible frost (down to minus 18 C - hope not on my place) on night to Sunday, but following weekend spring must finally come here and even + 15 C and great floods offered. My house and nursery is on hiltop, so regardless of 30-40 cm of snow covering all my fields, floods are not dangerous for me.

So now I'm picturing in greenhouse reticulata irises. On first two pictures are recently described Iris zagrica. On the first it certainly is zagrica from Iran, on second - most likely zagrica, but this one is gathered in Iraq by Henrik Zetterlund.

Then follows two gatherings from Iran (WHIR-108 and WHIR-134) which I would like to name Iris hyrcana, although the first one has quite small flowers and as last two are two another Iranians - WHIR-156 and WHIR-136 - one purple colored, looks closer to typical Iris reticulata, another bluish toned.

Friday, 05 April 2013 07:39

Rik, I'm not spraying with Aktara but using watercan I'm watering soil in pots. Insekticide enters bulb and kills warm inside. So I'm using it only on Galanthus, Acis, Leucojum and Narcissus grown in pots in greenhouse. Bees are sleeping now. On outside beds I am making shallow row by line of snowdrops, then by watercan fill in solution of Aktara and after that by rake I am closing row. So all possible damage to nature is eliminated. Outside I use it twice - in spring when snowdrops emerge and again in summer when snowdrop leaves dies. I do not know other way to kill this pest.

Friday, 05 April 2013 05:33

Aktara is a neonicotinoid insecticide; it's very harmful to bees and one of the reasons with the troubles with bees; never use it during the flowering period, only after flowering.

Best wishes


Thursday, 04 April 2013 18:23
Janis Ruksans

Cyclamen kusnetzovii is hardiest cyclamen and single one which can be grown with limited success here outside. In wild it is distributed in two small localities in Crimea, Ukraina. It excellently grow with me and abbundantly blooms. My stock is rised from few seeds collected on one of its native localities and multiplied by seeds got in my nursery from handpollinated plants at their first blooming.

Wednesday, 03 April 2013 13:01
Janis Ruksans

I have great problems with my Amarillidacea plants - they suffer from bulb fly. I couldn't image so serious damage but last autumn I found that fantastic looking bulbs of Acis valentinae all had flies grub inside. So today I treated all pots with solution of AKTARA. It is reported as good chemical against grubs in bulbs. On pictures you can see part of my pots with snowdrops. In front rows Galanthus transcaucasicus. You can see empty pots in back rows - most likely there bulbs are killed. On another picture Galanthus panjutinii only last year described from Abchasian mountains - rebelling teritory of Georgia, actuially occupied by Russia inserting there puppet government

Wednesday, 03 April 2013 12:27
Janis Ruksans

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Started blooming of Hepatica. I'm not specially multiplying them, but a pair could be offered in future - Hepatica transsilvanica and Hepatica nobilis Rosea - excellent large blooming selection from wild.

On other pictures cultivars selected by my friend Juris Egle from Grobina in Latvia. The first from new ones is Alande, Then Grobinas White and as last is Zilgme.

In additionion unidentified double blue form of Hepatica nobilis.


Wednesday, 03 April 2013 11:37
Janis Ruksans

We had very cold night. Fortunately at my place came deep fog saving from further drop of temperature. In greenhouses it dropped to minus 5 C but with rising of sun all plants recovered and you can see bed with Iris rosenbackiana Tovlj Dara few hours ago.


Wednesday, 03 April 2013 11:28
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